Plants
Walnut leaves (Juglans regia)
Juglans regia

Walnut is considered to be an astringent, antifungicide and antiseptic. Due to its tannin content, a decoction of Walnut leaves can be used in treatment of diarrhea. Walnut oil is used in treatment of tapeworms.

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Common coltsfoot (Tussilago farfara)
Tussilago farfara

Coltsfoot had long been used medicinally, mainly as antitussive in treatment of coughs and other respiratory problems.

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Great Nettle (Urtica dioica)
Urtica dioica

Nettle has been used as a medicinal plant for centuries. Traditionally, nettle was used in treatment of muscle and joint pains, arthritis, anemia, gout and eczema.

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Blackberry (Rubus fruticosus)
Rubus fruticosus

Blackberry is considered  to  be an astringent, depurative, diuretic, tonic and vulnerary. The plant was usually used to treat dysentery, diarrhea, hemorrhoids and cystitis.

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Wild strawberry (Fragaria vesca)
Fragaria vesca

Traditionally, Wild Strawberry was used to treat the liver, intestinal and stomach disorders. Leaves and roots were used in treatments of gum disease.

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European White Birch (Betula pendula)
Betula pendula

The plant is a strong diuretic and laxative. Generally it is considered useful in reducing inflammation, increasing perspiration, and relieveing  pain.

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Common dandelion (Taraxacum officinale)
Taraxacum officinale

Dandelion is considered to be an excellent general tonic and a “natural” diuretic. Dandelion tea has shown to be very helpful as a liver detoxicant.

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Turkish Hazel (Corylus avellana)
Corylus avellana

Hazelnuts are a dietary source of protein, unsaturated fats, minerals and micronutrients, phytochemicals, alpha-tocopherol, and fiber; they are considered a good source of tocopherol when used to meet the recommended daily allowance for vitamin E.

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Plantain (Plantago major)
Plantago major

Greater Plantain shows beneficial results when taken both internally and externally.The plant is considered to be alterative, antiseptic, astringent, diuretic, expectorant, haemostatic, styptic and vulnerary.

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Black Mulberry (Morus nigra)
Morus nigra Zwarte moerbei

Traditionally, Black Mulberry has been used in cases of kidney disorders, fatigue, anemia and premature hair graying.

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Strawberry (Fragaria moschata)
Fragaria moschata

The leaves have astringent properties hence used, traditionally, in cases of haemorrhoids, diarrhoea, gum disease and a diuretic.

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Black Currant (Ribes nigrum)
Ribes nigrum

Black Currant have anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, anti-cancer, anti-oxidant and diuretic properties. Tea made from the leaves is used in treatment of arthritis, urinary dysfunctions, coughs and diarrhea. Berries are said to be effective in cases of rheumatism, gout and arthritis.

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Common Sage (Salvia officinalis)
Salvia officinalis

Sage is considered to be antihydrotic, antiseptic, antispasmodic, astringent, carminative, cholagogue, galactofuge, stimulant, tonic and vasodilator.

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Stevia (Stevia rebaudiana)
Stevia rebaudiana

Stevia is used to treat conditions such as diabetes, high blood pressure, indigestion and heart problems. It is also used to facilitate weight loss, decrease blood uric acid levels and as a contraceptive.

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Common horsetail (Equisetum arvense)
horsetail

Horsetail has antimicrobial, antiseptic, anti-inflammatory and diuretic properties. The plant is very useful in treatment of kidney, bladder problems, prostate and urinary infections and bleedings.

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Yarrow (Achillea millefolium)
Achillea millefolium

Yarrow is considered to be antipyretic, diaphoretic, astringent, anti-inflammatory, antispasmodic, carminative, cholagogue, hemostatic and sedative. It has been shown useful in cases of fevers and colds (usually in form of a tincture or infusion).

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Greater celandine (Chelidonium majus)
Chelidonium_majus_bgiu

Greater Celandine is considered to be a mild analgesic, cholagogic, antimicrobial, oncostatic and sedative. Recent studies suggest that the plant could be very useful in relieving gallbladder spasms, and that it can act as a gallbladder stimulator.

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Motherwort (Leonurus cardiaca)
Leonurus cardiaca

The herb contains the alkaloid leonurine, which is a mild vasodilator and has a relaxing effect on smooth muscles.

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Common Wormwood (Artemisia absinthium)
Artemisia absinthium

Absinthe wormwood is considered to be an anthelmintic, antiseptic, antispasmodic, carminative, cholagogue, febrifuge, tonic and stomachic. It is often recommended in treatment of indigestion and gastric pains.

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Common melilot (Melilotus officinalis)
Melilotus officinalis

Yellow Sweetclover is considered to be an antibacterial, anticoagulant, astringent, laxative,  carminative and emollient. The plant is very helpful in removing gas from the digestive system and in inducing urination.

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Wild Thyme (Satureja hortensis)
Thymus serpyllum

Wild Thyme has a rich history of medicinal uses, and is very useful in treatment of various ailments. In folk medicine, the plant had been considered to have antiseptic, diuretic, sedative and expectorant properties.

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St.-John’s-wort (Hypericum perforatum)
Hypericum perforatum

St John’s Wort is considered to be an anodyne, antibiotic, astringent, bactericide, cholagogue, diuretic, emmenagogue, expectorant, vermicide and vermifuge. Traditionally, the plant was used in treatment of menstrual disorders, as a wound healer, for external ulcers, respiratory and bladder conditions.

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Marshmallow (Althaea officinalis)
Althaea officinalis

Marshmallow is considered to have demulcent, expectorant, diuretic, and emollient and vulnerary properties. Leaves are generally used in treatment of the respiratory and urinary system disorders, especially in cases of urethritis and kidney stones.

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Common thyme (Thymus vulgaris)
OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Thyme has been considered to be antiseptic, antimicrobial, antispasmodic, astringent, anthelmintic, antitussive, carminative, disinfectant, expectorant and tonic.

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Corn silk (Zea mays)
Zea mays

Corn silk is considered to have detoxifying, relaxing and diuretic properties. Traditionally, Corn silk has been used in treatments of urinary and genital infections, stomach disorders, skin rashes and sore throat.

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Common origanum (Origanum vulgare)
Common origanum

Oregano has long been used as a medicinal herb in treatment of various conditions: fevers, diarrhea, indigestion, jaundice and vomiting. Recent studies have shown that Oregano displays anti-oxidant, anti-fungal and antibiotic properties.

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Shepherd’s purse (Capsella bursa-pastoris)
Bourse à pasteur

Shepherd’s Purse can be used fresh or dry in form of a tea or an infusion. The plant is considered to be an astringent, anti-inflammatory, diuretic and styptic. Used internally, Shepherd’s purse is very effective in cases of excessive menstrual flow, and is usually used to stop heavy bleedings and hemorrhaging.

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Peppermint (Mentha piperita)
Mentha piperita

Peppermint is considered to have astringent, antiseptic, emetic and stimulant qualities. It has a long history of medicinal use, especially in treatment of digestive complaints.

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Knotgrass (Polygonum aviculare)
Polygonum aviculare

Knotgrass is considered to be astringent, diuretic, emetic, purgative, vulnerary and styptic. It has been used for centuries in folk medicine for diarrhea, coughs, bronchial catarrh, inflammations of the mouth and upper respiratory tract, liver and kidney disorders.

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Wild pansy (Viola tricolor)
viola-tricolor

It is considered as a “blood purifier”, and therefore associated with treatment of all sorts of skin problems (acne, eczema, dermatitis, psoriasis, itching). Due to its expectorant properties, it is recognized as helpful in treatment of bronchitis, asthma and whooping cough.

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Elder (Sambucus nigra)
Sambucus nigra

This plant is traditionally used as a medicinal plant by many native peoples and herbalists alike.Stembark, leaves, flowers, fruits, root extracts are used to treat bronchitis, cough, upper respiratory cold infections, fever.

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White acacia (Robinia pseudoacacia)
Robinia pseudoacacia

Dried leaves are helpful in treatment of wounds caused by burns. It acts as a pain reliever. Used internally, it calms stomach burns, and is usually recommended to individuals who suffer from hyperacid gastritis and distensions. It is helpful in easing digestion.

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Common hawthorn (Crataegus monogyna)
Crataegus monogyna

Crataegus monogyna is one of the most common species used as the “hawthorn” of traditional herbalism, which is of considerable interest for treating cardiac insufficiency by evidence-based medicine.

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Small leaved Linden (Тilia cordata)
Tilia cordata

Tilia cordata is the preferred species for medical use, having a high concentration of active compounds. It is said to be a nervine, used by herbalists in treating restlessness, hysteria, and headaches.

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Common tansy (Tanacetum vulgare)
Tanacetum_vulgare_002

For many years, tansy has been used as a medicinal herb despite its toxicity. 19th-century Irish folklore suggests bathing in a solution of tansy and salt as a cure for joint pain.

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Rose Mallow (Hibiscus sabdariffa)
Hibiscus_Sabdariffa

Hibiscus flowers, roots and leaves, are anodyne and emmenagogue. They regulate menstruation and stimulate blood circulation. Flower extract has been traditionally used for liver disorders, high blood pressure and as an aphrodisiac.

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Sunflower (Helianthus annuus)
Sunflower

Sunflower seeds are considered to have antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, diuretic and expectorant properties. They can help reducing the symptoms of asthma, osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis and help in cases of bronchial, pulmonary and laryngeal problems.

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Common Camomile (Matricaria chamomilla)
camomile

Chamomile has been used for centuries for a variety of ailments. It has a strong, aromatic scent. Chamomile is considered to have analgesic, anti-inflammatory, antispasmodic, anodyne, carminative, diaphoretic, laxative, stomachic, sedative and tonic properties. It has calming and soothing properties.

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Horse chestnut (Aesculus Hippocastanum)
haehi--flinflor10677

Used externally, Horse Chestnut is said to help in case of varicose veins. It reduces eczema,  and acts as a herbal remedy for different types of skin conditions, sores and rashes. It is also recommended in cases of swelling and inflammations of joints, muscles and hemorrhoids.

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Pot marigold (Calendula officinale)
calendula-2

Marigold has anti-inflammatory, antiseptic, antifungal and antispasmodic properties. Used externally, it is an excellent healing agent and can be used to treat bruises, burns, wounds, eczema, sores, skin inflammations and hemorrhoids. It can soothe pain and swellings after wasp or bee sting (just rub the affected part with Marigold flowers).

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